Total Corrosion Management. Documentary analysis

  • Michel Donadio Technical Manager, Sika Services AG, Suiza.
  • Juan Capacho Business Development Manager LATAM, Sika Mexicana SA de CV, México
  • Luis Santander Product Engineer, Sika Mexicana SA de CV, México.
Keywords: corrosion, corrosion inhibitor, cathodic protection, galvanic anodes


The aim of this report is to provide a documentary analysis of the different corrosion mitigation techniques currently available, such as repair mortars, active and passive corrosion inhibitors, protective coatings and galvanic or induced current cathodic protection. These structures, built to last for a long time, are subject to ageing due to environmental influences such as water, atmospheric carbon dioxide and other harmful elements such as chlorides and pollution. The most common deterioration process in reinforced concrete structures is corrosion and subsequent expansion of the steel reinforcement, leading to cracking and spalling of the concrete.


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Angst, U.; Moro, F.; Geiker, M.; Kessler, S.; Beushausen, H.; Andrade, C.; Lahdensivu, J.; Köliö, A.; Imamoto, K.- ichi; von Greve-Dierfeld, S.; Serdar, M. (2020), Corrosion of steel in carbonated concrete: mechanisms, practical experience, and research priorities – a practical review by RILEM TC 281-CC. RILEM Technical Letters, Vol. 5, 85-100, DOI:

Bertolini, L., Elsener, B., Pedeferri, P., Redaelli, Elena., Polder, R. B. (2004), Corrosion of steel in concrete, prevention, diagnosis, repair. Wileyâ€VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, DOI:

Brem, M., Lohner, J., Büchler, M. (2022), A long-term study on the effect of a hydrophobic treatment on the moisture balance and durability of a reinforced concrete structure in a road tunnel. MATEC Web of Conferences 364, 04005, ICCRRR, DOI:

Christodoulou, C., Goodier, C., Austin, S., Glass, G. K., Webb, J. (2012). Assessing the long-term durability of silanes on reinforced concrete structures (Version 1). Loughborough University.

Christodoulou, C., Goodier, C., Austin, S., Webb, J., Glass, G. K. (2013), Diagnosing the cause of incipient anodes in repaired reinforced concrete structures. Corrosion Science, Volume 69, Pages 123-129, DOI:

Christodoulou, C., Goodier, C. I., Austin, S. A. (2014): Site performance of galvanic anodes in concrete repairs. IN: Grantham, M, etal (eds). Concrete Solutions 2014. Proceedings of Concrete Solutions, the 5thInternational Conference on Concrete Repair, 1st-3rd September 2014, Belfast.Boca Raton, Fl: CRC Press, pp. 167-172,

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Guy, T. (2000), CEBTP, France, report No 2393.6.100.

Heiyantuduwa, R., Alexander, M. G., Mackechnie, J. R. (2006), Performance of a Penetrating Corrosion Inhibitor in Concrete Affected by Carbonation-Induced Corrosion. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 18, Issue 6, DOI:

Holmes, S., Glass, G. K., Wilcox, G. D., Robins, P. J., Roberts, A. C. (2011), The Response of Protective Current to Environmental Conditions During Hybrid Anode Concrete Repair Treatments. NACE Conference Papers, 11005.

Lozinguez, E., Barthélémy, J. -F., Bouteiller, V., Desbois, T. (2018), Contribution of Sacrificial Anode in reinforced concrete patch repair: Results of numerical simulations. Construction and Building Materials, Volume 178, 30, Pages 405-417, DOI:

Mozaryn, T., Kokowska, J. (2009), Service life of coating systems applied on cooling towers - A laboratory study and in-situ investigations. Book title: NUCPERF 2009 - Long Term Performance of Cementitious Barriers and Reinforced Concrete in Nuclear Power Plants and Waste Management. Editor(s): V. L'Hostis, R. Gens, C. Gallé. Publisher: RILEM Publications SARL.

Page, C. L., Treadaway, K. W. J. (1982), Aspects of the electrochemistry of steel in concrete, Nature, 297, 109-115, DOI:

Page, C. L., Sergi, G. (2000), Developments in cathodic protection applied to reinforced concrete, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 12, Issue 1, 8-15. DOI:

Qian, S., Zhang, J., Qu, D. (2006), Theoretical and experimental study of microcell and macrocell corrosion in patch repairs of concrete structures, Cement and Concrete Composites, Volume 28, Issue 8, Pages 685-695, DOI:

Rodum, E., et al, (2012), The Norwegian Public Roads Administration, Trondheim, Norway, effect of different surface treatment products after 10 years of field exposure, presented at ICDC conference in June, Norway

SAMARIS (2003-2005), Sustainable and Advanced Materials for Road Infrastructure, European, URL:

Sergi, G., Whitmore, D. (2010), Performance of Zinc Sacrificial Anodes For Long-term Control of Reinforcement Corrosion. NACE - International Corrosion Conference Series.

Silva, N. (2013), Chloride Induced Corrosion of Reinforcement Steel in Concrete. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden. Thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.

Tilly, G. P., Jacobs, J. (2007) Concrete repairs – Performance in service and current practice. CONREPNET, ISBN 978-1-86.81-974-2.

Tritthart, J. (2003), Transport of a surface applied corrosion inhibitor in cement paste and in concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 33(6):829-834, DOI:

Transportation Research Board of the National Academies (2009), NCHRP SYNTHESIS 398, Cathodic Protection for Life Extension of Existing Reinforced Concrete Bridge Elements A Synthesis of Highway Practice, CONCORR Inc, NATIONAL COOPERATIVE HIGHWAY RESEARCH PROGRAM.

How to Cite
Donadio, M., Capacho, J., & Santander, L. (2023). Total Corrosion Management. Documentary analysis. Revista ALCONPAT, 13(2), 235 - 253.
Documental Research